Alloy Steel vs Carbon Steel – What's the Difference?

by AMC

Posted on January 20, 2023 at 03:10 PM

Alloy Steel vs Carbon Steel

Steel is one of the most important industries in the world. It is made by putting iron together with other metals and non-metals. The goal of putting these things together to make steel is to get different chemical properties for different uses. When choosing a material for steel CNC machining, it is important to think about the different properties of alloy steel and carbon steel. There are two kinds of steel: alloy steel and carbon steel. When we know how alloy steel and carbon steel are different, we can use them in the right way in our industries to get the most out of them.

What is Alloy Steel

Alloy steel is a type of metal that is made up of iron, carbon, and a lot of other things. Manganese, silicon, nickel, titanium, copper, and chromium are some of the other elements that are usually found in it. These are called alloy elements because when you mix them together, they make an alloy. Adding these things to steel is meant to make it better in some way. Alloy steel can be put into the following two groups.

  • Low Alloy Steel
  • High Alloy Steel
Low alloy steels have few alloy elements in them, while high alloy steels have many alloy elements. Most of the time, alloy elements are added to steel to make it harder and last longer. Alloy steel doesn't rust because it has a lot of other elements, like chromium, that make it resistant to rust.

Tip - Read More about - Difference Between High Alloy Steel and Low Alloy Steel

For instance, stainless steel is an alloy of steel. In the mix of elements that make it up, there is about 10% chromium, along with iron and carbon. Because it doesn't rust, stainless steel is used to make things for the kitchen.
stainless steel uses

What is Carbon Steel

Carbon steel is made of iron and carbon. Small amounts of elements that make up alloys are present. Some examples are silicon, manganese, sulfur, and phosphorus. Carbon steel is also split into two groups, which are explained below.

  • High Carbon Steel
  • Low Carbon Steel
Carbon steel has a high amount of carbon, which makes it hard, less flexible, less easy to weld, and has a low melting point. Mild steel is a type of steel that has between 0.05% and 0.25% carbon. Because it has a lot of iron in it, it rusts in wet places. High carbon steels have between 0.6% and 1.0% carbon in them. These steels with a lot of carbon are very strong. Because of this, carbon steels are used to build things.
What is Carbon Steel

Difference Between Alloy Steel and Carbon Steel

Difference Between Alloy Steel and Carbon Steel

Applications of Alloy steel and Carbon Steel

Applications of Alloy Steel

Applications of Alloy Steel
The alloy steel is used in a lot of different industries and helps make a lot of different things. Because they are so strong, hard, tough, and easy to work with, they are the most sought-after materials in many industries. So, alloy steel is perfect for building parts, mining, machinery, the railroad, and many other industries.

  • Construction Industry
  • Aerospace Industry
  • Mining Industry
Carbon Steel Applications
Carbon Steel Applications
Because carbon steel is so versatile, it has many uses and is used in many industries, especially the petrochemical and oil and gas industries. We've put together some examples of how carbon steel is used in different fields to show how widely it's used in today's market, such as:

  • Shipbuilding
  • Pipes and Pressure Vessels
  • Construction

Advantages of Alloy Steel and Carbon Steel

Alloy Steel Advantages

  • Corrosion resistant properties
  • It can handle both high and low temperatures.
  • There are many different kinds.
  • Strong and lasts a long time
  • Easy to clean and take care of
  • Easy to clean and take care of
  • It lasts a long time and isn't too expensive over its whole life.
  • Can be finished in a certain way to make it look nice, and it doesn't tarnish easily. Friendly to the environment and reusable

Advantages of Carbon Steel

  • Increased strength
  • Less expensive than stainless steels
  • Wear-resistant
  • Durable and shock resistant
  • Safer to work with and handle than other metals
  • Easy to recycle and good for the environment

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